just open it !

Video above that i come across from Jierun’s post give me a clearer picture of Open Access. Apparently journal published under Open Access also being peer reviewed. Which means there is a quality control.  CreativeCommons will give more control for authors regarding copyright issues. In other hand, maybe government can build an organization in charge of Open Resource Education that will control the funding, managing, and the publication of journals and articles.

While Open Resource Education or Open Access benefits authors and readers. Does free online content like newspapers, books, and music benefit both parties? Different from authors of journal and articles, they focus on financial leverage. Taylor Swift is one of the content provider that don’t want her music to be free.

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Growing usage of online media by young adults is not followed by eagerness to use it responsibly. Not much attention put into piracy and digital rights.


Shane Richmond’s articles got me reflect on what i said on my previous post. I thought paywall is good for both parties. In reality not really; newspaper subscription actually facing a slow growth in online newspaper advertising. Moreover, there is an opportunity cost where newspaper can reach bigger audience by get rid the subscription fee. Bigger exposure might generate more advertisement that can cover subscription fee. Robert Cailliau propose an interesting idea. He thinks online content should follow a pay-as-you-go model. Readers only have to pay for what they read. It would be much cheaper than monthly subscription.

In general, the concerns to make online content available for free is the quality, piracy and digital rights, and money. In my opinion, individuals should appreciate other’s creation by acknowledging and applying piracy and digital rights. In terms of money and quality. There is plenty of choices available to create quality content without charging a fixed amount. For example various kind of cross-subsidies or pay-as-you-go. Regardless this issues, i believe the advantages of free online content overshadow the disadvantages 🙂

Comments made:

Constance’s blog 

Jierun’s blog

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Does Open Access benefit all stance?

What is Open Access?

Open-access literature is digital, online, free of charge, free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. It removes price barriers and permission barriers. Open Access is not limited to literature. It is also applicable for digital form like image, video, audio, or software. [1]

Advantages of Open Access for research articles:

  • Extremely efficient and affordable sharing will allow advancement in research. It also solve Researchers’ challenge of ‘availability’ and ‘accessibility’ of research outputs.
  • Seamless sharing of educational resources with the world. Give the students more than sufficient information to support their research or studies. The only barrier now is the internet.
  • Accessible and affordable education. More and more libraries are hitting a crisis point. Due to monopoly by big publisher like Elsevier that aims on profit making. Researchers did not write journal articles for financial reasons. They create to bring an advancement in their field that directly impact their careers. Direct access between researchers and libraries get rid the money that researchers usually have to pay to commercial publishers.
  • Allow teachers to engage and continuously improve their courses and textbook. There is no one textbook fits all. Open Access allow lecturers improve the quality of the education by collaborating and revising different sources.
  • Publicly funded resources are openly licensed resources. Citizens that usually pay in curriculum development and research done now can rip more benefit with less cost.

However, Open Access may not give the authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited (social media ethic issue) [2]. Moreover, there is a concern regarding the quality and sustainability of the publication.

Nonetheless, there is a growing support from researchers towards Open Access.

On the other hand, Open access isn’t applicable for media company. “The study, which claims to have included 2,700 high-end decision makers from companies internationally, found that 90 per cent of online content would likely be held behind a paywall in the coming years”. The Sun and The Telegraph is one of them. They start to introduce paywalls for those who want access to their articles or broadcast. Media buyers’ belief usage of paywalls will leverage advertisers, telegraph, and journalism. Subscription will bring a small dip of audiences. However, they will generate customer insight that could be used for their marketing effort. They also have greater opportunity to engage with the audiences. Paywalls also provide resources needed to generate a better quality content. Quality content should be sufficient to engage the readers as news/entertainment will always accessible somewhere else.

References:

[1] Peter Suber (2015) Open Access Overview (accessed 11 November 2015)

[2] Peter Suber (2004) SPARC Open Access Newsletter, Issue #77 (accessed 11 November 2015)

[3] David Wiley, Cable Green, and Louis Soares (2012) Dramatically Bringing Down the Cost of Education with OER (accessed 11 November 2015)

[4] Taylor & Francis Group (2014) Open access: researchers are positive but some uncertainty still remains (accessed 11 November 2015)

[5] Stephen Lepitak (2013) Media Buyers’ Reaction: The Sun and The Telegraph to introduce paywalls (accessed 11 November 2015)

[6] Stephen Lepitak (2013) News International set to erect paywall for The Sun in second half of 2013 (accessed 11 November 2015)

[7] Ellen Wexler (2015) What a Mass Exodus at a Linguistics Journal Means for Scholarly Publishing (accessed 11 November 2015)